Vegetables can be expensive to buy, and that is why more and more Americans are opting to try their hand at gardening to produce them at home. Whether you’re in an apartment with planter boxers on your patio, or you have an expansive garden bed at the back of your home; everyone can grow vegetables! It is the best way to go green and best of all you have free energy from the sun!
Below are four popular and tasty options to grow at home this year.
Tomatoes are one of our favorite vegetables (even though it’s technically a fruit), and that’s why nine out of ten gardeners will attempt to grow them. With the proper care and attention to detail you could have a bumper crop ready to see you through the summer salad season! If you’re planting seeds, you will need to start growing them indoors two months before the last Spring frost.
They need to be in full sun and well-drained soil, and can be transplanted outdoors after the last Spring frost. Make sure before you transplant them that you give them the best chance to survive by tilling the soil and mixing in manure, fertilizer or compost. Build stakes for the tomatoes to develop from and water well throughout the growing season. Add a bit of mulch to the mixture after a month of being outside. This will help retain moisture.
Cucumbers are favored by gardeners across America due to their ability to grow quickly and ripen just as fast. They love the sun and must be planted only in warm soil once the last of the Spring frost has been and gone. They can also grow in any amount of space – whether it’s a vining plant or a bush cucumber. Plant in fertile soil about one inch deep with manure or compost and add plenty of organic matter.
They should enjoy the growing process indoors first, before you transfer outside into warm soil. Cucumbers are so easy to grow, but they do need to be surrounded by warmth. This can be achieved in a greenhouse or glasshouse, or just outdoors if you’re in a warm climate.
Green beans are incredibly easy to grow which is what makes them a favorite in any American household. They need to be planted one to two inches apart in wide rows, and with stakes to encourage pole beans to grow up.
You may need to begin winding the plant around the trellis or stakes once it starts growing to encourage
them to grow in the favored direction. Green beans grow more plentiful when planted in full sun, and they are the type of plant that once you start picking mature beans, they will continue to grow more until the end of the growing season. You should expect beans to become ready after 50-60 days, depending on the variety you have chosen. They are several inches long once mature, and can be round or flat in shape. Remember to pick them when they’re young and tender for the best taste!
Gone are the days when orange carrots were all that were on offer. Now when you choose to plant carrots, you have the choice of not only orange, but yellow, white, crimson and even purple!
To prepare for planting, build up a raised bed of loose soil and start sowing your seeds in rows just before the last expected frost. You can continue to sow your seeds every two to three weeks.
You will notice growth by at least week three and remember to keep the soil moist. Begin thinning the carrots at about two inches of growth, and then again to ensure the carrots are now about three inches apart. This will stop the roots from growing crooked. Keep the plants watered and you can begin harvesting as soon as they are big enough to eat!